000
FXUS61 KCLE 180544
AFDCLE

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Cleveland OH
144 AM EDT Thu Apr 18 2024

.SYNOPSIS...
A cold front brings showers and storms through the area this
evening into early tonight. Brief high pressure Thursday,
followed by another cold front late Thursday night into early
Friday. Much cooler into the weekend.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TODAY/...
10PM Update...
A few lingering light showers continue over far eastern Erie and
Crawford counties in PA, which will shift east of the area soon.
Once those move out, conditions will remain dry for the rest of
the night with temperatures falling into the low to mid 50s. The
biggest change with this update is decreasing the winds through
the overnight. Winds should remain 10-15 mph, possibly gusting
up to 20 mph occasionally.

815PM Update...
The Tornado Watch has been cancelled across the CWA as the
severe threat has diminished. Rain showers will continue over NW
PA over the next hour before moving east of the area.

Previous Discussion...
Squall line continues to progress east across the region this
evening with some tornadic damage. The squall line will sweep
east of the region by 01z as a cold frontal boundary moves
through. The precipitation will end as the cold front moves
east this evening and cooler more stable air will overspread the
region. POPS have been cut on the backside of the squall line.

Previous discussion:
Destabilization with MLCAPE to 1500J/kg continues ahead of the line
of convection moving through the western portion of Ohio at the time
of this issuance. Surface dewpoints currently surging into the lower
60s in western Ohio, and expecting winds at the surface to back as
the cold front currently moving into Indiana approaches. This will
serve to increase the 0-1km helicity ahead of the convection
assisting in formation of rotating updrafts. Also have good deep
layer shear and dry air punch in the mid levels seen in the water
vapor satellite imagery, and ultimately have many ingredients
coming together for the severe weather threat unfolding across the
region. Expecting a progressive event and efficient tracking of the
activity through the CWA in a few hours time with the higher POPs
exiting just after 00Z Thursday. One thing to consider with this
severe weather threat is with the bowing of the broad scale line of
convection if it cuts off some of the southwesterly oriented inflow
to the north of the apex. Does not eliminate the threat for storms,
but could slightly lessen the severe chances a bit further north.

Upon exit, lower level clouds advect back into the region, a modest
cool down ensues, and brief upper level/surface ridging makes its
way back into the region for Thursday. Cooler day expected with
afternoon breaks in the clouds and a rapidly approaching cold front
once again from the west in the continued progressive pattern. This
secondary cold front will represent a more significant change of
airmass heading into the short term forecast period. POPs enter
after 00Z Friday west to east into Friday night.

&&

.SHORT TERM /TONIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT/...
A strong cold front will bisect the region Friday morning as a broad
mid/upper trough swings into the Great Lakes, with an associated
closed mid-level low lifting into the James Bay vicinity. This will
usher in some late season cold air for the weekend as 850 mb temps
fall to -3 to -5 C by Saturday as the trough axis remains across the
Great Lakes and the closed low continues to spin over James Bay.
Showers and a few pockets of thunder will exit eastern areas rather
quickly Friday morning as the front moves east, leaving most areas
dry Friday afternoon. However, the broad cyclonic flow, westerly
boundary layer winds across the lake, strong cold air advection, and
aforementioned 850 mb temps will lead to enough lake induced
instability for lake-effect showers over far NE Ohio and NW PA later
Friday into Saturday, so maintained slight chance to chance PoPs
there. A limiting factor is dry air and a quick increase in boundary
layer shear, so it will not amount to much, but pattern recognition
points to light precip hanging on in these areas. Some snow could
mix in Friday night into Saturday morning in the highest elevations
of southern Erie and northern Crawford Counties. Broad surface high
pressure over the Plains and Midwest will finally extend its ridging
east enough Saturday afternoon and Saturday night to shut down any
lake-effect precip, so have all areas dry by Saturday night.

The main story with this cold spell will be frost/freeze potential.
Highs in the upper 50s/low 60s Friday will only rise into the upper
40s/low 50s Saturday. Lows Friday night should stay up enough to
prevent frost due to winds staying in the 10-20 knot range. The
coldest spots of NW PA should even stay in the upper 30s given the
winds and clouds/precip off the lake. Lows Friday night will range
from the upper 30s to low 40s across the region. However, Saturday
night could spell trouble as the surface ridging extending into the
region leads to decreasing winds and more potential for clearing
skies. At this time, lows Saturday night look to range from the low
to upper 30s, with the coldest temps in eastern Ohio and interior NW
PA, as well as around the central highlands and along the US 30
corridor. With the vegetation really beginning to sprout over the
past week, we have begun the Spring frost/freeze program, so
headlines are expected Saturday night.

&&

.LONG TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
The mid/upper troughing over the Great Lakes and eastern CONUS will
gradually relax Sunday through early next week, but the closed low
will continue to spin over James Bay keeping a relatively cool WNW
flow pattern in place through early to mid week. Broad surface high
pressure extending into the Ohio Valley Sunday will gradually move
east Monday, reaching the Mid Atlantic coast by Tuesday leading to
gradually rebounding temperatures to near to below normal for this
time of year. Frost/freeze headlines are possible again Sunday
night, especially for eastern Ohio and NW PA. Deterministic and
ensemble guidance are in good agreement on a northern stream
mid/upper shortwave diving through the Upper Midwest and Great Lakes
Tuesday into Wednesday which will reinforce and deepen the longwave
troughing over the eastern CONUS by mid week, but timing of this
feature varies among the guidance leading to low confidence on the
timing of showers. For now, kept the blended PoPs which has chance
PoPs arriving late Monday night and Tuesday and continuing into
Wednesday.

Highs in the low/mid 50s Sunday will warm into the upper 50s/low 60s
Monday and solid low 60s Tuesday. Highs should then cool into the
mid 50s to around 60 by Wednesday.

&&

.AVIATION /06Z Thursday THROUGH Monday/...
Showers and thunderstorms have since exited Northern Ohio and
Northwest Pennsylvania. Currently VFR across terminals but
expect for MVFR cigs generally around 2.5 kft will spread over
terminals. General placement looks to remain across terminals
along and east of I-71. So a line from KCLE to KMFD and point
eastward. These MVFR cigs will then become VFR by late
morning/early afternoon. High level clouds move into the area
ahead of a cold front that will traverse east on Friday. Begun
to mention showers at far western terminals and in the KCLE
30-hour TAF that enter around 6-12Z Friday. Westerly winds 8-12
knots with an occasional gust to 20 knots will continue through
tonight. Winds turn light and southerly this afternoon before
becoming southeasterly tonight.

Outlook...Non-VFR possible Friday into Saturday in rain.

&&

.MARINE...
A line of showers and thunderstorms will cross Lake Erie this
evening leading to locally higher winds and waves and cloud to
ground lightning strikes. Otherwise, relatively quiet marine
conditions are expected over the next couple of days with winds and
waves below Small Craft criteria. Winds will veer to WSW at 10-15
knots tonight behind the cold front, becoming light and variable by
Thursday evening. Winds will then become S to SW Thursday night and
increase to 10-15 knots before turning W and increasing to 15-20
knots Friday behind another cold front. This may build waves over 4
feet in the central and eastern basins, so Small Craft headlines are
possible Friday. W winds of 15-20 knots look to continue well into
Saturday with waves above 4 feet at times, so Small Craft headlines
are possible through Saturday. Winds will turn NW and gradually
decrease to 10-15 knots Saturday night and Sunday, becoming SW at 5-
10 knots Sunday night and Monday.

&&

.CLE WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
OH...None.
PA...None.
NY...None.
MARINE...None.

&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...26
NEAR TERM...Campbell/LaPlante
SHORT TERM...Garuckas
LONG TERM...Garuckas
AVIATION...Iverson
MARINE...Garuckas

NWS CLE Office Area Forecast Discussion